Wednesday, February 28, 2018

Co Roscommon: Archaeological Objects at The British Museum

The British Museum holds 59 items identified as coming from Co Roscommon. The majority of these (46) are assigned to the Early Medieval period, followed by the Bronze Age (4) and Early Medieval (3). The most common object type represented are pins (24), followed by needles, ringed pins and spear-heads (3 each). The main material types represented are Metal (39) and bone (12), though items of Stone, Wood, Antler, Leather, and Tooth are also recorded.


Neolithic/Bronze Age: Stone item
Roscommon
macehead
.9246
Stone macehead partly perforated on both sides, round shape and rounded edges, smooth surface, brown in colour.


Bronze Age: Metal items
Metal
Roscommon
axe
18621209.500
Copper alloy short-flanged axe; cast.

Metal
Cloonfinlough
dagger
18810310.100
Copper alloy dagger, socketed.

Metal
Boyle
spear-head
19641206.160
Copper alloy socketed spearhead, two lugs on socket.

Metal
Boyle
spear-head
WG.1635
Copper alloy socketed spearhead, pegged. Damaged.


Middle Bronze Age: Metal item
Ballinameen
torc
18490301.240
Gold ribbon torc.
1400BC-1100BC (circa)


Early Medieval: Antler item
Cloonfinlough, crannog
ring
18810310.250
Antler ring, inside edge very worn and smooth.
5thC-11thC

Early Medieval: Bone items
Ardkillon, crannog; Aconnick, Lough
pin
19361006.800
Bone pin with two-pointed head, decorated with punched dots on one side, oval section shank.
5thC-11thC

Ardkillon, crannog; Aconnick, Lough
needle
19361006.100
Bone needle with flattened oval head and circular section shank, point missing; now in two fragments.
5thC-11thC

Ardkillon, crannog; Aconnick, Lough
pin
19361006.700
Bone pin with cruciform head, oval section shank.
9thC-10thC (?)

Ardkillon, crannog; Aconnick, Lough
needle
19361006.900
Bone needle with flattened oval head and circular section shank.
5thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
netting-shuttle (?)
18810310.190
Bone (?)netting-shuttle, hollow at one end with four perforations at the other (two broken); groups of incised dots on upper portion.
5thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
pin
18810310.200
Bone pin with flat head and tapered shank of oval section.
5thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
pin
18810310.230
Bone pin with pierced wedge-shaped head and tapered oval-section shank; point missing.
5thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
pin
18810310.210
Bone pin with wedge-shaped head pierced by an oval hole; tapered oval-section shank.
5thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
pin
18810310.220
Bone pin with pierced wedge-shaped head; tapered oval-section shank.
5thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
needle
18810310.240
Bone needle, unfinished.
5thC-11thC


Early Medieval: Metal items
Roscommon
penannular brooch
18490301.410
Copper alloy brooch, plain hoop with expanded terminals, each decorated with an incised cross; pin-head cylindrical.
7thC-8thC
18490301.410 on top

Ardkillon, crannog; Aconnick, Lough
pin
19361006.100
Copper alloy pin with cruciform head, decorated with interlace knot; oval section shank with mid-stem bulge.
11thC-12thC

Ardkillon, crannog; Aconnick, Lough
ringed pin
19361006.400
Leaded gun metal ringed pin with polygonal head, interlace on one face, incised diagonal cross in square on other; oval section shank.
9thC-11thC

Ardkillon, crannog; Aconnick, Lough
pin
19361006.600
Leaded gun metal pin, rounded head with incised radiating lines, shaft of circular then square section, decorated with incised saltires.
6thC-10thC

Ardkillon, crannog; Aconnick, Lough
ringed pin
19361006.200
Copper alloy pin cast in imitation of ringed pin, polygonal head ornamented with brambled lozenges.
11thC-12thC

Ardkillon, crannog; Aconnick, Lough
pin
19361006.300
Brass cast pin with conical brambled head; faceted and incised shank.
9thC-10thC

Ardkillon, crannog; Aconnick, Lough
pin
19361006.500
Brass crutch-headed pin, oval section shank with mid-stem bulge.
10thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
pin
18810310.110
Bronze pin with round head with glass cabochon on one side, back flat and punched with dots; shank slightly hipped.
5thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
pin
18810310.120
Bronze crutch-headed pin with slightly hipped oval-section shank.
10thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
pin
18810310.100
Bronze pin with biconical brambled head; upper portion of hipped shank of oval section, lower of square section.
9thC-10thC (?)

Cloonfinlough, crannog
pin
18810310.800
Bronze pin, head in form of openwork interlace knot; hipped shank, upper part of which has a herring-bone pattern and two lozenges.
7thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
pin
18810310.500
Bronze domed-head pin with triskele of four dots on top and three vertical lines of punched dots on neck; hipped shank.
5thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
pin
18810310.700
Bronze pin with small globular head; hipped shank of oval section.
5thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
ringed pin
18810310.150
Bronze ringed pin with knobbed ring of oval section and shank of oval section hooked over it.
9thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
pin
18810310.170
Copper alloy pin with wedge-shaped head and flat oval plate with scalloped edge about a 1/3 of the way along the shank.
5thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
pin
18810310.130
Bronze pin with hooked head; dot-punched; point slightly bent.
6thC-9thC (?)

Cloonfinlough, crannog
pin
18810310.140
Bronze pin with pear-shaped and shank of oval section.
5thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
punch (?); harp (?)
18810310.180
Bronze (?)harp-peg or (?)punch with quatrefoil motif on head and shank of oval section pierced at end.
8thC-11thC (?)

Cloonfinlough, crannog
penannular brooch
18810310.160
Bronze penannular brooch with lozenge-shaped terminals with sunken brambled panel & outline border; oval-section shank.
8thC-9thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
gouge
18810310.350
Iron gouge.
5thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
knife (?)
18810310.330
Iron (?)knife with long tang of oval section terminating in a point.
5thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
scoop (?); gouge (?)
18810310.340
Iron scoop or gouge, one end spatulate, the other hollowed out.
5thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
pin
18810310.900
Bronze pin with oval brambled head surmounted by square section knop; traces of zigzag on shank.
9thC-10thC (?)

Cloonfinlough, crannog
pin
18810310.400
Bronze domed-head pin with rosette on top and notched collar; of circular section, with bent point.
5thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
pin
18810310.600
Bronze disc-headed pin with incised border of diagonal grooves; shank of circular section with bent point.
5thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
pin
18810310.200
Bronze pin-shank of oval section, point bent upwards.
5thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
spear-head
18810310.310
Iron leaf-shaped spear-head with split socket; damaged.
5thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
pruning-knife (?); bill-hook (?)
18810310.290
Iron pruning-knife or bill-hook with flat curved blade and split socket pierced by a small hole at the base.
5thC-11thC
18810310.29 on left. 18810310.4 on right

Cloonfinlough, crannog
axe
18810310.300
Iron double-headed axe with central oval socket and expanded blades.
9thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
arrow-head
18810310.320
Iron arrow-head with central rib and hollow socket; damaged at base.
5thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
pin
18810310.300
Bronze shank of pin, gilded upper part of circular section, lower part of square section; point missing.
5thC-11thC


Early Medieval: Stone items
Cloonfinlough, crannog
bead
18810310.410
Shale bead, flat annular and dark grey.
5thC-11thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
whetstone
18810310.400
Whetstone, elongated oval.
5thC-11thC


Early Medieval: Tooth item
Cloonfinlough, crannog
gaming-piece (?)
18810310.280
(?)Gaming piece of polished tooth, domed, with modern metal spike projecting from base.
5thC-11thC


Early Medieval: Wood item
Cloonfinlough, crannog
peg
18810310.430
Wooden peg with split shank and roughly faceted head.
5thC-11thC


Early Medieval; Medieval: Bone items
Cloonfinlough, crannog
counter
18810310.270
Bone counter, circular, with band of ring-and-dots around four groups of similar motifs around central dot; edge and back damaged.
11thC-13thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
counter
18810310.260
Bone counter, circular, with quincunx of five incised ring-and-dots; back damaged and worn.
11thC-13thC


Early Medieval; Medieval: Metal item
Cloonfinlough, crannog
shears
18810310.360
Iron pair of shears.
11thC-15thC

Medieval: Leather item
Cloonfinlough, crannog
shoe
18810310.440
Shoe; made from one piece of leather; heel damaged; front and back were sewn together; two slits on either side of instep.
14thC
http://britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=50066&partId=1


Medieval: Wood item
Cloonfinlough, crannog
bucket
18810310.420
Wooden bucket stave; marks of two bands outside and groove for the bottom on the inside.
8thC-12thC


Post-Medieval; Late Medieval: Metal items
Cloonfinlough, crannog
purse
18810310.370
Iron purse-frame of flat bar with remains of two pendant loops.
15thC-16thC

Cloonfinlough, crannog
cross pendant
18810310.450
Bronze cross pendant; open-work; octofoil; pierced by four small holes for attachment.