Wednesday, April 25, 2018

Co Waterford: Archaeological Objects at The British Museum

The British Museum holds 16 items identified as coming from Co Waterford. The majority of these (6) are assigned to the Neolithic, followed by the Early Medieval period (3). The most common object type represented are leaf arrow-heads (5), followed by possible scrapers (2). Only two material types are represented in this assemblage: Stone (9) and Metal (7).


Neolithic: Stone items
Knockboy
leaf arrow-head
19910410.146
Flint arrow-head of leaf-point shape; retouched bifacially; relatively wide (over half as wide as long); grey colour due to patination.


Knockboy
transverse arrow-head
19910410.151
Flint arrow-head, transverse; made on a flake; retouched bifacially, though significantly more on one face than on opposite; backed; one edge chipped; grey colour.


Knockboy
leaf arrow-head
19910410.150
Flint arrowhead, leaf-point shape; retouched bifacially; narrow; both faces backed, flat at broader end and rounded at tip; chipped edges; grey-brown colour with most of back end covered with buff-coloured patination.


Knockboy
leaf arrow-head
19910410.149
Flint arrowhead, leaf-point shape; retouched bifacially; flat (no backed or convex faces); one edge is chipped; grey colour with spots of off-white patination.


Knockboy
leaf arrow-head
19910410.148
Flint arrowhead, leaf-point shape; retouched bifacially; point protrudes slightly from rest of object and is significantly narrower; grey colour with some off-white patination at point.


Knockboy
leaf arrow-head
19910410.147
Flint arrow-head of leaf-point shape; retouched bifacially (creating protruding bulge on one face), perhaps several times (point is sharply tapered from rest of object); grey colour.



Neolithic/Bronze Age: Stone item
Glenrard
knife
19641206.235
Flint knife.


Neolithic (?)/Bronze Age (?)/Iron Age (?): Stone item
Waterford (near)
scraper (?); disc
20050501.968
Stone disc, possibly a scraper; edges have been worked; rough stone of brown colour.



Neolithic (?)/Bronze Age (?)/Iron Age (?)/Early Medieval (?): Stone item
Knockeen
scraper (?); disc
20050501.969
Stone scraper or disc; edges have been worked bifacially; faces are extremely smooth; some damage to one face; black colour.


Iron Age: Metal item
Waterford
bracelet
18710401.300
Gold alloy bracelet.



Early Medieval: Metal Items
Waterford
pin
19130710.200
Leaded bronze pin with cross-shaped head of four circular lobes around central circle, lug projects on back; stem leaves cross at right angles.
7thC-11thC (?)

Waterford, crypt
penannular brooch
18880719.108
Leaded bronze penannular brooch; plain hoop; expanded zoomorphic terminals; pin has flattened head and linear border; tip of pin missing.
5thC

Lismore
mount; drinking-horn
18531013.300
Cast copper alloy drinking-horn terminal mount in form of a bird-like animal head with long 'beak'.
7thC-8thC


Viking/Early Medieval: Metal item
Waterford ?
penannular brooch; bossed penannular brooch
18880719.103
Silver bossed penannular brooch. Hoop with trapezoidal terminals, each terminal with a cabled border and three of six bosses remaining. Animal heads at join between hoop and terminal.
9thC-10thC


Viking: Metal item
Waterford (near)
finger-ring
18490301.200
Gold finger-ring of six plaited rods, slightly tapering towards the ends; these are hammered together to form a flat oblong band (now broken at one end), which is decorated with a row of three incised dots. There is one substantial nick in the outer face, to one side, and a group of four small slices from the front.
10thC-11thC


Medieval: Metal item
Metal
Lismore
crucifix
18530617.100
Crucifix figure; bronze; diadem around head; hollow-backed; loin-cloth; legs crossed; feet and arms broken off.
14thC (?)